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ELLA FAQs
What was the population sample size?   The standardization sample included 1,267 children, ages 4;6-9;11, from 40 states. The standardization closely resembles data from the U.S. Census Bureau (Statistical Abstract of the U.S., 2003).
What age group does the ELLA® assess?   Use the ELLA® to assess students between the ages of 4;6 and 9;11.
How long does it take to administer the ELLA®?   It takes approximately 30-45 minutes to administer ELLA® to a child between the ages of 4;6 and 5;5. 60 minutes for a child between the ages of 5;6 and 9;11.
Did you compare the ELLA™ to other language and literacy tests?   We compared specific subtests of the ELLA® to sections and subtests of the DIBELS and the CELF®-4. During this comparison, we found that all three subtests examine similar skills.
Why is it important to test language and literacy in children?   It is extremely important to test children in the areas of language and literacy in order to identify children who may be at risk for reading difficulties.
How is the ELLA® different from other tests of language and literacy?   The ELLA® meets Early Reading First and Reading First requirements established by the Department of Education. In addition, ELLA® includes a comprehensive phonological awareness assessment and a Story Retell section.
How is the ELLA® organized?   There are three sections in the ELLA®:
        • Section 1: Phonological Awareness and Flexibility
          • Letter-sound identification
          • Rhyming
          • Initial sound identification
          • Blending and segmenting sounds, words, and syllables
          • Deleting and substituting sounds in words
        • Section 2: Sign and Symbol Recognition and Interpretation
          • Environmental symbol identification
          • Letter-symbol identification
          • Word reference association
          • Reading comprehension for one to three sentences
        • Section 3: Memory, Retrieval, and Automaticity
          • Rapid naming
          • Word associations (e.g., name items that start with the "S" sound)
          • Story Retell (includes three story levels based on the child's age)
Is the ELLA® difficult to administer and score?    No! The ELLA® is simple to administer and score. The ELLA® is norm- and criterion-referenced and includes standard scores, confidence intervals, percentile ranks, means, and age equivalents.
Can the results of the ELLA® help me identify a child's areas of weakness and help me write IEP goals?   The ELLA® manual includes a Curriculum and Classroom Connection for each of the 22 subtests to help you develop appropriate treatment and IEP goals based on a child's results on the ELLA®.
What does the ELLA® complete kit include?   The complete ELLA® kit includes:
  • 2 Stimulus Easels
  • Examiner's Manual
  • 50 Record Forms
  • 3 Storybooks
  • Trial Item Stimulus Card
  • Pronunciation Guide CD-ROM
  • Stopwatch
  • Clipboard with Calculator
  • Colorful, rolling tote bag
Can I purchase any of the components of the ELLA®?   Yes. You can purchase additional Record Forms, the Examiner's Manual, and Storybooks separately.