- Ages: 8-0 to 17-11
- Testing Time: 30 minutes to 1 hour
- Administration: Individual
- Scoring: Manual or online
- Qualification Level: B
The TOLD-I:5 assesses spoken language in intermediate-age students. It is well constructed, reliable, practical, research based, and theoretically sound. Professionals can use the TOLD-I:5 to (a) identify students who are significantly below their peers in oral language proficiency, (b) determine their specific strengths and weaknesses in oral language skills, (c) document their progress in remedial programs, and (d) measure oral language in research studies.
Subtests and Composites
The TOLD-I:5 has six subtests that measure various aspects of oral language. The results of these subtests can be combined to form composite scores for the major dimensions of language: semantics and grammar; listening, organizing, and speaking; and overall language ability.
- Sentence Combining – measures the ability to combine two to five short, simple sentences into one complex or compound sentence while retaining all the meaning expressed in the short sentences (grammar, speaking)
- Picture Vocabulary – measures the ability to understand the meanings of spoken two-word phrases (semantics, listening)
- Word Ordering – measures the ability to construct a meaningful sentence from a set of words presented orally in a random sequence (grammar, organizing)
- Relational Vocabulary – measures the ability to identify the abstract relationship existing among a set of spoken words (semantics, organizing)
- Morphological Comprehension – measures the ability to recognize ungrammatical spoken sentences (grammar, listening)
- Multiple Meanings – measures the ability to provide different meanings for spoken stimulus words (semantics, speaking)
The TOLD-I:5 yields four types of normative scores: age equivalents, percentile ranks, subtest scaled scores, and composite indexes. Percentiles provide the examiner with an index that is easily understood by parents and others with whom the test results are to be shared. Subtest scaled scores are based on a distribution having a mean of 10 and standard deviation of 3. Composite indexes are based on a distribution having a mean of 100 and standard deviation of 15. Age equivalents are indexes of relative standing that translate subtest raw scores to what are commonly termed language ages.
The TOLD-I:5 Online Scoring and Report System (provided as part of the TOLD-I:5 Complete Kit) was designed as a quick, efficient tool for (a) entering test session data; (b) converting subtest item scores or subtest total raw scores into scaled scores; (c) converting sums of scaled scores into composite index scores, percentile ranks, and upper and lower confidence intervals; (d) comparing TOLD-I:5 scores to identify significant intraindividual differences; and (e) obtaining a score summary and narrative report.