The Early Reading Assessment (ERA) is a norm-referenced screening test designed to identify young children who have reading problems. The ERA has five subtests—three core subtests and two supplemental subtests—all of which have significant relationships to reading and are easy to administer and score.
Core Subtests – Measure Print Competence
Uses silent and oral formats to assess print competence relating to the alphabet, word identification, and word comprehension. Measures early manifestation of real reading and requisite skills that lead directly to real reading.
- Written Word Vocabulary (WWV) – Measures print knowledge. Child points to 1 to 5 choices (words, letters, numerals, or symbols) that match a stimulus picture or letter. Most like “silent word reading comprehension.”
- Rapid Orthographic Naming (RON) – Measures letter-word identification and comprehension knowledge. Child has 60 seconds to name as many pictures, letters, numerals, and words on a stimulus card as he/she can. Most like “oral word reading fluency.”
- Silent Orthographic Efficiency (SOE) – Measures speed with which children can match letters and words. Child marks 1 to 5 choices that match a letter or word in a stimulus box. Child has 60 seconds to respond to as many items as possible. Most like “silent word reading fluency.”
Supplemental Subtests – Measures Important Non-print Correlates
- Phonological Awareness (PA) – Measures ability to discriminate among and manipulate phonemes. Child deletes phonemes, affixes, or words from words spoken by the examiner.
- Receptive Vocabulary (RV) – Measures understanding of common vocabulary. Child points to the picture of a word spoken by the examiner. This common format, used to measure a language ability, is variously called “receptive oral vocabulary,” “listening vocabulary,” or “picture vocabulary.”
ERA Scores Satisfy the Most Demanding Reliability Standards
- All subtests’ reliability coefficients exceed .80. Early Reading Index reliability = .94, indicating near perfect reliability.
- ERA scores are equally reliable for all major demographic subgroups investigated.
- Core subtests’ scores demonstrated large to very large correlation to five criterion reading scores (TOPEL, TERA-3, WJ III, TOSWRF, TOSREC).
- Binary classification analysis results: sensitivity index = .81; specificity index = .83.
- Reported ROC curve value of 92 considered excellent.
- The standardization sample includes 1,001 children ages four to seven years from eight states in the U.S., a representative sample compared with the U.S. Census Bureau.
Who May Administer the ERA?
Classroom teachers, special educators, speech-language pathologists, and school psychologists may administer the ERA.
Your ERA Kit includes
- Examiner’s Manual
- Picture Book
- 25 Examiner/Record Forms
- RON Stimulus Card
- 25 SOE Student Record Forms