- Testing Time: 20–25 minutes
- Norm-Referenced (1,200+ U.S. Spanish-bilingual individuals); raw scores, standard scores, percentile ranks, age equivalents
- Complete Kit: Examiner’s Manual, Test Plates, 25 Spanish-bilingual Record Forms, in portfolio
- Qualification Level: B
Now with expanded norms (ages 2;0 through 70+), this edition is intended for use with—and was normed on—a bilingual population of individuals who speak Spanish and English with varying levels of proficiency. Because examinees are permitted to respond in either language, the test measures total acquired vocabulary; it is not a test of language proficiency, since language includes grammar and syntax, as well as vocabulary. Norms are separate from the English 4th edition of the ROWPVT. The Spanish-bilingual edition (SBE) tests are co-normed, allowing for a comprehensive evaluation of a person’s naming abilities.
Administration and Scoring
The Receptive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test-4: Spanish-Bilingual Edition can be administered in either Spanish or English or both languages, and the individual is given the opportunity to respond in either language. Examiner singly presents 180 color plates to the examinee, who is shown four images and asked to match a word that is heard to the object, action, or concept presented. As with the ROWPVT-4 (English version), the ROWPVT-4: SBE retains the use of prompts and cues (shown on the Record Form) to ensure that examinees will attend to relevant aspects of each illustration. Age-related starting points and ceilings (reached when the examinee makes a set number of consecutive errors) ensure that only a subset of items is administered, allowing testing to usually be completed in 20 to 25 minutes. Scoring is easy and straightforward, and generally takes about 5 minutes. Raw scores are reported as standard scores, percentile ranks, and (if necessary) age equivalents.
Examiners must be fluent in both languages or be assisted by someone fluent in the language not spoken by the principal examiner, in order to understand whether any dialectical variants should be counted as correct.
Words have been added both at the lower end for younger children and at the upper end for adults. The order of the 180 test plates is different from that used in the English editions, reflecting the developmental word usage patterns specific to this population, and simplifying both the administration and scoring of the test; all of the words were derived from the English-language 4th edition of this test. Each edition (English and Spanish) now uses its own set of test plates.
IMPORTANT: Test components of the Receptive Spanish-Bilingual 4th Edition are not interchangeable with components of the Receptive English 4th Edition (2011).